National Adaptation Plan Process in Focus : Lessons from Bangladesh
Bangladesh is often considered as one of the countries most vulnerable to extreme events, climate variability and change (Global Climate Risk Index; Climate Change Vulnerability Index). The country´s location in the Bay of Bengal makes it susceptible to seasonal cyclones. It’s location on a major floodplain increases the risks related to
seasonal flooding. Low-lying coastal land is also vulnerable to future sea level rise. An estimated temperature rise of 1.6°C and an increase of precipitation of 8% is expected by 2050. Floods, tropical cyclones, storm surges and droughts are likely to become more frequent and severe. Sea level rise and salinity intrusion is already being
observed. Climate change will impact a range of sectors. Rice, the predominant crop, has been found to be climate sensitive. Yields are expected to drop, with direct impact on food security. Changes will occur in forest ecosystems, including the Sundarbans, with a decline in valuable tree species. Climate change has already altered the distribution
areas of certain vector-borne diseases, such as malaria. Extreme events will affect both rural and urban infrastructure. Climate change is expected to directly affect livelihoods, and worsen the economy and poverty rates.
- Publisher: People's Republic of Bangladesh Download