Necessity of Resilience Practices to Reduce Flood Vulnerability at Community Level in Bangladesh

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The geo-physical contexts of different areas of Bangladesh are diverse and distinctive from location to location. Each of the area has distinct characteristics and own livelihoods pattern. The recent climate change has made different communities of Bangladesh vulnerable to frequent disasters. The impacts of climate change have also been visible at the river-adjacent communities which are being resulted through the losses by disasters and making the communities socially, economically and culturally vulnerable. Enhancing community resilience is very important to make any community capable to cope with climate change. If the community people achieve resilience capacity and have a coping mechanism, then they can come back in their usual situation by very short period after any type of disaster like flood and can minimize losses by other supporting tools that they achieve through the silencer. The Hudir Bazar is a flood-prone community situated in Lalmonirhat district of northern Bangladesh on the bank of Teesta1 River. Most of the community people are marginalized; and agriculture and day-laboring are the main means of their livelihoods. Almost every year, flood occurs and causes tremendous losses to their property and livelihoods. The tendency of floods has increased in last few years as anthropogenic climate change introduced in Himalaya region2 . For this, Teesta River and its adjacent communities are the sufferers of this impact. The study was conducted on participatory observation approach using both qualitative and quantitative research perspectives. The study identified the losses resulted from flood vulnerability and its impacts on community people’s livelihoods. The study suggested importance on enhancing resilience techniques which will contribute to reduce losses at community level to make the community people more resilient to disasters specially to the flood vulnerability.

  • Publisher: Marsland Press
  • Author(s): Sarder, M.
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